Your Diet and Preparing for Surgery


The following suggestions for a pre-surgical diet have been provided for general purposes only. Your physician or surgeon may require you to alter this plan. If this is the case, you should follow their specific instructions rather than these general guidelines.

One Week Prior To Surgery

  • Stop all nutritional supplements (vitamins/minerals including iron and calcium)

The Day Before Surgery

The Day Of Surgery

  • Take clear fluids only up to 3 hours before surgery or up until arrival at the Hospital
  • Do not eat or drink anything after arriving at the hospital

Clear Fluids

Allowed

Not Allowed

  • Water
  • Apple, Cranberry & Grape Juice
  • Gatorade
  • Black Coffee or Tea
  • Clear Broth
  • Gingerale and Seltzer
  • Jello and Italian Ice
  • Milk or Dairy Products
    (including in coffee and tea)
  • Citrus Juices
  • Prune Juice
  • Juices with Pulp
  • Any food or beverage not listed in the
    “allowed” column

Low Fiber/Low Residue Diet

The following low fiber/low residue diet is to be used the day before surgery. A low fiber/residue diet reduces the amount of waste that moves through the intestines, which is helpful in preparing for surgery. This diet is not nutritionally complete, and is intended to be used for a short duration only.

Food Group

Recommended Foods

Foods to Avoid

Milk and dairy *limit to 2 cups daily
  • Milk or lactose-free milk
  • Almond, rice or soymilk
  • Yogurt (plain or vanilla), soy yogurt (plain or vanilla flavor)
  • Cottage cheese, cream cheese, ricotta cheese and aged cheese
  • Ice cream or frozen yogurt
  • Butter or margarine
  • Yogurt or ice cream with nuts, seeds or fruit
  • More than 2 cups daily from milk and dairy group
Meat and other proteins
  • Ground or tender, well-cooked lean meats, poultry, fish, eggs and soy prepared without added fat
  • Legumes (dried beans), nuts, nut butters, seeds and tough fibrous meats
Grains
  • Enriched white bread and rolls
  • White rice, noodles, pasta, and cooked potatoes (no skin)
  • Plain crackers
  • Farina, cream of wheat, and grits
  • Cold cereal: Rice Krispies, Puffed Rice and Corn Flakes
  • Whole grain, whole wheat, rye, cornbread or pumpernickel bread
  • Bread made with nuts, seeds or fruits
  • Whole wheat pasta
  • Whole grains such as brown rice, buckwheat, bulgur, oats, corn and kasha
  • Whole grain cereals, bran cereals, granola-type cereals, and cereals with nuts, seeds, coconut or dried fruit
Fruits
  • Fruit juice without pulp
  • Canned or cooked fruits without skins or seeds
  • Ripe banana
  • Soft cantaloupes, honeydew melons or seedless watermelon
  • Peeled apple
  • All other raw fruits including berries, citrus fruits, grapes, pears and pineapple
  • Prunes and prune juice
  • Dried fruit
Vegetables
  • Strained vegetable juice
  • Most well cooked or canned vegetables without seeds and skin, such as potato without skin, tomato sauce, pureed spinach, green beans, carrots and asparagus tips
  • Iceberg lettuce
  • ALL raw or partially cooked vegetables and beets, broccoli, cauliflower, brussels sprouts, cabbage, sauerkraut and corn
  • Greens (mustard, turnip, spinach, collards)
  • Lima beans, peas, mushrooms, okra, onions, parsnips, peppers, potato skins, tomatoes and winter squash
Beverages
  • Water, apple or cranberry juice, coffee, tea, carbonated drinks
  • Bouillon or strained broth
  • Limit milk and dairy products to 2 cups per day
Fats, snacks, sweets and condiments
  • Vegetable oil, butter, margarine, ketchup, vinegar, mayonnaise
  • Plain cookies and cakes
  • Fruit ice, jello, custard, jelly (seedless), honey, sugar or syrup
  • Any made with whole grain flour, bran, seeds, nuts, coconut or dried fruit
  • Nuts, seeds, and popcorn

Sample Low Fiber/Low Residue Diet - General

Breakfast Lunch Dinner
  • ½ cup apple juice
  • ¾ cup corn flakes
  • 1 slice white toast
  • 1 tsp. margarine
  • 2 tsp jelly
  • 1 cup lowfat milk
  • Coffee/tea
  • 1 cup chicken noodle soup
  • 3 oz lean hamburger on bun  (white, no seeds)
  • 1 cup vanilla yogurt (no fruit/seeds) OR 1 cup lowfat milk
  • ½ cup canned peaches
  • Tea
  • ½ cup cranberry juice
  • 3 oz chicken breast
  • ½ cup mashed potato
  • ½ cup well cooked green beans
  • 1 slice white bread
  • 1 tsp margarine
  • ½ cup applesauce
  • Tea
    Breakfast Lunch Dinner
    • ½ cup orange juice (strained, no pulp)
    • 1 cup cream of wheat
    • 1 scrambled egg
    • 1 slice white toast
    • 1 tsp margarine
    • 2 tsp jelly
    • 1 cup lowfat milk
    • Coffee/tea
    • ½ cup grape juice
    • 3 oz lean roast beef
    • Baked potato (no skin)
    • ½ cup well cooked carrots
    • 1 small white dinner roll
    • 1 tsp margarine
    • ½ cup canned pears
    • Tea
    • 3 oz baked fish
    • ½ cup white rice
    • ½ cup well cooked asparagus tips
    • 1 slice white bread
    • 1 tsp margarine
    • ½ cup Italian ice
    • Tea
        Snack 
       
    • 1 cup lowfat milk
    • 4 graham crackers

    Sample Low Fiber/Low Residue Diet - Lactose Restricted and Diabetic

    Breakfast Lunch Dinner
    • 1 scrambled egg
    • 1 slice white toast
    • 1 tsp margarine or butter
    • 1 cup cream of wheat or farina
    • ½ cup apple juice
    • Coffee/tea
    • 1 cup chicken noodle soup
    • 3 oz turkey
    • 2 slices white bread
    • 1 tsp mayonnaise
    • ½ cup soft melon or cantaloupe
    • Tea
    • 3 oz baked fish
    • 1 cup white rice
    • ½ cup well cooked green beans
    • 1 white dinner roll
    • 1 tsp margarine or butter
    • ½ cup canned peaches in
    • Natural juice
    • Tea
        Snack
       
    • 5 vanilla wafers
    • 1 cup soymilk or 1 cup Lactaid milk


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