NEW YORK, N.Y.—March 22, 2007
Fractures in children can be caused by minor falls, such as might occur at the playground or during sports or by major traumatic events, such as car accidents. Often times fractures in children involve the area where the bone grows, called growth plates. This type of pediatric fracture can disturb the growth of bone in the future, contributing to functional limitations in standing, walking, bending, lifting, climbing stairs, and can also create disfiguring deformities.
“Proper treatment of pediatric fractures is essential in helping prevent future complications and the possible need for additional treatment,” said Roger F. Widmann, M.D., chief of pediatric orthopedic surgery at HSS. “Pediatric orthopedic surgeons have the specialized training to know what type of treatment is the most viable. They are best qualified to manage pediatric fractures,” he said.
“It’s not unusual for facilities to have a general orthopedist on duty but no pediatric orthopedist available to deal with a specific pediatric musculoskeletal injury,” said David M. Scher, M.D., pediatric orthopedic surgeon at HSS. “Because of these circumstances, general orthopedists are often called upon to evaluate and treat pediatric injuries, such as fractures. We hope to help educate our general orthopedic colleagues in the surrounding communities about the state of art in treating these fractures and also make ourselves available to them to assist in caring for these children.”
Through its upcoming third annual symposium on “Operative Management of Pediatric Fractures,” scheduled for Friday, March 30, 2007, HSS is hoping to offset the shortage of pediatric orthopedists by encouraging orthopedic residents to enter the field of pediatric orthopedic surgery as well as updating general orthopedists about the latest surgical methods available for pediatric fracture care. The hope is that this type of training will help fill a gap that could have potential negative health outcomes for children.
As part of their commitment to the care of children with orthopedic injuries, HSS has established around-the-clock access to their pediatric experts through their Pediatric Orthopedic Urgent Care Service. “This hotline sets the standard for pediatric fracture, ambulatory, and emergent care,” said Dr. Widmann. “Our specialists are available to help coordinate a child’s care when musculoskeletal injuries occur. It’s one central number that allows anyone – pediatricians, parents or other orthopedists – to access qualified pediatric orthopedic surgeons.”
According to Dr. Widmann, parents who suspect their child is suffering from a fracture should seek out medical attention at a facility that has specialized care dedicated to children. “Such a facility will have pediatric doctors, nurses and anesthesiologists who have a special interest and experience with children,” said Dr. Widmann. “At HSS we treat orthopedic problems exclusively and have areas that are dedicated to the care of pediatric musculoskeletal problems.”
Signs of a pediatric fracture include the child’s inability or refusal to bear weight on - or use - a limb, according to Daniel W. Green, M.D., associate attending orthopedic surgeon at HSS. If a child suffers from a minor fracture they may still use the limb but parents may notice some mild swelling.
If a child does have a fracture, Dr. Scher recommends placing ice on the extremity and elevating it above the heart. Icing can make a great difference in the degree of swelling and can also affect the ability of a pediatric orthopedic surgeon to operate, if need be, in a timely manner.
“Remaining calm for a child’s sake is key,” said Dr. Green. “If a parent remains level headed, it will provide the child with reassurance.”
To help prevent pediatric fractures parents should make sure that:
To access the HSS Pediatric Orthopedic Urgent Care Service, call toll free at 1.877.HSS.1KID (1.877.477.1543). Additional information about pediatric fractures is available online at http://www.hss.edu/.
About Hospital for Special Surgery
Founded in 1863, Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) is a world leader in orthopedics, rheumatology and rehabilitation. HSS is nationally ranked No. 1 in orthopedics, No. 3 in rheumatology by U.S. News & World Report (2007), and has received Magnet Recognition for Excellence in Nursing Service from the American Nurses Credentialing Center. In the 2006 edition of HealthGrades' Hospital Quality in America Study, HSS received five-star ratings for clinical excellence in its specialties. A member of the NewYork-Presbyterian Healthcare System and an affiliate of Weill Medical College of Cornell University, HSS provides orthopedic and rheumatologic patient care at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital at New York Weill Cornell Medical Center. All Hospital for Special Surgery medical staff are on the faculty of Weill Medical College of Cornell University. The hospital's research division is internationally recognized as a leader in the investigation of musculoskeletal and autoimmune diseases. Hospital for Special Surgery is located in New York City and online at www.hss.edu.