Early Polyethylene Wear and Excessive Acetabular Granuloma in an Uncemented HA-Coated Total Hip Arthroplasty

HSS Journal


Jörg A.K. Ohnsorge, MD
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, UKA, RWTH-University of Aachen

Jack Davis, BS, RN, ONC
Hip and Knee Service, Hospital for Special Surgery

Uwe Maus, MD
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, UKA, RWTH-University of Aachen

Muharrem Saklak, MD
Department of General Surgery, UKA, RWTH-University of Aachen

Markus Weisskopf, MD
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, UKA, RWTH-University of Aachen

Dieter Christian Wirtz, MD
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, UKA, RWTH-University of Aachen

Abstract
This is a prospective review of 135 HA-coated ABG I total hip arthroplasty (THA) systems with a mean clinical and radiographic follow-up of 8.5 years. The 5-year survival rate was 85%, but 22% of the patients were dissatisfied. Revision THA was already indicated in 28% of the patients, with 26% indicated for cup loosening. PE wear was detected by x-ray in 42%. Disproportionate substantial wear with an average linear loss of 2.6 mm at the inner rim of the insert was observed in 23% of the cases. The mean annual wear rate was calculated 0.10.25 mm/year. Laboratory examination of the retrieved PE revealed polishing, cracks, and subsurface delamination. Radiographic evidence of acetabular cysts were found to be excessive granuloma during surgery. Polarization microscopy revealed debris particles phagocytized by reticuloendothelial cells. Results confirm the general opinion that aseptic osteolysis is a cell-mediated process driven by the presence of particles generated from wear debris. The findings also suggest that the main reasons for the failure of the first-generation ABG hip system were an insufficient locking mechanism and poor PE congruency, and not solely poor PE quality.

This article appears in HSS Journal: Volume 2, Number 2.
View the full article at springerlink.com.


About the HSS Journal
HSS Journal, an academic peer-reviewed journal, is published twice a year, February and September, and features articles by internal faculty and HSS alumni that present current research and clinical work in the field of musculoskeletal medicine performed at HSS, including research articles, surgical procedures, and case reports.


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